From: Hank Ashmore
The Deplorable Infidel




The Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States protects the right of the people to keep and bear arms. The Supreme Court of the United States has ruled that the right belongs to individuals, while also ruling that the right is not unlimited and does not prohibit all regulations of either firearms or similar devices. States and local governments are limited to the same extent as the federal government from infringing this right per the incorporation of the Bill of Rights. The Second Amendment was adopted on December15, 1791, as part of the first ten amendments contained in the Bill of Rights.

The Second Amendment was based partially on the right to keep and bear arms in English common-law and was influenced by the English Bill of Rights of 1689. Sir William Blackstone, an English jurist, judge, and politician,  described this right as an auxiliary right, supporting the natural rights of self-defense, resistance to oppression, and the civic duty to act in concert in the defense of the state.

In United States vs. Cruikshank (1876), the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that, “The right to bear arms is not granted by the Constitution, neither is it in any manner dependent upon that instrument for its existence” and limited the applicability of the Second Amendment to the federal government. In United States vs. Miller (1939), the Supreme Court ruled that the federal government and the states could limit any weapon types not having a “reasonable relationship to the preservation or efficiency of a well regulated militia.”

In the twenty-first century, the amendment has been subjected to renewed academic inquiry and judicial interest. In District of Columbia vs. Heller (2008), the Supreme handed down a landmark decision, expressly holding the amendment to protect an individual right to posses and carry firearms. In McDonald vs. Chicago (2010) the Court clarified its earlier decision that limited the amendment’s impact to a restriction on the federal government, expressly holding that the Fourteenth Amendment applies the Second Amendment to state and local governments to the same extent that the Second Amendment applies to the federal government. Despite these decisions, the debate between the various organizations regarding gun control and gun rights continues. The Statists, Marxist, Leftist, Progressives, Socialist, i.e. those elements of the country that wish the federal/central government to control everything, would have you believe that the Second Amendment pertains to the military. The Democrats and the courts have made this argument for years. Clearly they lie/or are wrong as you will see as you educate yourself on exactly what the Founding Fathers and others said on the subject at the time of the founding.

Thomas Jefferson wrote in a letter to Justice William Johnson dated June 12, 1823: “On every question of construction of the Constitution let us carry ourselves back to the time when the Constitution was adopted, recollect the spirit manifested in the debates, and instead of trying what meaning may be squeezed out of the text, or invent against it, conform to the probable one in which it was passed.” In other words, the Constitution is not a living document, but what the Founding Fathers intended!

So, let us see what the Founding Fathers  had in mind for the text when they ratified the Second Amendment. Here’s a collection of quotes from the revolutionaries and others who were there at that moment in history when the United States Constitution was ratified, together with the Bill of Rights:


“Laws that forbid the carrying of arms disarm only those who are neither inclined nor determined to commit crimes. Such laws make things worse for the assaulted and better for the assailants; they serve rather to encourage than to prevent homicides, for a unarmed man may be attacked with greater confidence than an armed man’”

Thomas Jefferson


“The right of self-defense never ceases. It is among the most sacred, and alike necessary to nations and individuals.”

President James Monroe


“The said Constitution shall be never construed to authorize Congress to infringe the just liberty of the press, or the rights of conscience, or to prevent the people of the United States, who are peaceable citizens, from keeping their own arms.”

Samuel Adams


“The right of self-defense is the first law of nature; in most governments it has been the study of rulers to confine this right within the narrowest possible limits … and when the right of the people to keep and bear arms is, under any color or pretext whatsoever, prohibited, liberty, if not already annihilated, is on the brink of destruction.”

Sir George Tucker, Judge of the Virginia Supreme Court, quoting Sir William Blackstone commentaries.


“Militias, when properly formed, are in fact the people themselves and include all men capable of bearing arms. To preserve liberty it is essential that the whole body of the people always possess arms and be taught alike, especially when young, how to use them.”

Richard Henry Lee


“The very atmosphere of firearms anywhere and everywhere restrains evil interference – they deserve a place of honor with all that is good.”

George Washington


“Those who hammer their guns into plows, will plow for those who do not.”

Thomas Jefferson


“Americans have the right and advantage of being armed – unlike the citizens of other countries whose governments are afraid to trust the people with arms.”

James Madison


“The Constitution shall never be construed … to prevent the people of the United States who are peaceable citizens from keeping their own arms.”

Samuel Adams


“I ask, Sir, what is the militia? It is the whole people. To disarm the people is the best and most effectual way to enslave them.”

George Mason


“The prohibition is general. No clause in the Constitution could by any rule of construction be conceived to give Congress a power to disarm the people. Such a flagitious attempt could be made under some general pretense by a state legislature. But if in any blind pursuit of inordinate power, either should attempt it, this amendment (the Second Amendment) may be appealed to as a restraint on both.”

William Rawle


“The people are not to be disarmed of their weapons. They are left in full possession of them.”

Zacharia Johnson


“O sir, we should have fine times, indeed, if, to punish tyrants, it were only sufficient to assemble the people! Your arms, wherewith you could defend yourselves, are gone; and you have no longer an aristrocratical, no longer a democratical spirit. Did you ever read of any revolution in a nation, brought about by the punishment of those in power, inflicted by those who had no power at all?”

Patrick Henry


“Arms in the hands of individual citizens may be used at individual discretion for the defense of the country, the over-throw of tyranny, or in private self-defense.”

John Adams


“The best we can hope for concerning the people at large is that they be properly armed.”

Alexander Hamilton


“Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe, and preserve order in the world as well as property … Horrid mischief would ensure were the law-abiding deprived of the use of them.”

Thomas Paine


“Guard with jealous attention the public liberty. Suspect everyone who approaches that jewel. Unfortunately, nothing will preserve it but downright force. Whenever you give up that force, you are ruined … The great object is that every man be armed. Everyone who is able might have a gun.”

Patrick Henry


The public good is in nothing more essentially interested, than in the protection of every individual’s private rights. So great moreover is the regard of the law for private property, that it will not authorize the least violation of it; no, not even for the general good of the whole community.”

Sir William Blackstone


In all their writings, the Founding Fathers call for all capable men and women to be armed at all times for their own protection. A prime example of this private protection  was demonstrated this past week at the West Freeway Church of Christ in White Settlement, Texas shooting. Deacons trained in the use firearms brought down the shooter before a massacre could take place. Of course, the far left was outraged at the thought of firearms being legalized in a place of worship. Joe Biden said it was irrational for firearms to be carried into a place of worship. (I will not go into who is rational and who is not at this time.) Thank God for patriots like Gov. Greg Abbott, who signed the gun carry legislation into law which saved countless lives in that church.



“If our country is to survive and prosper, we must summon the courage to condemn and reject the liberal agenda, and we had better do it soon.”

-Walter Williams-



The shooting at the West Freeway Church of Christ in Texas revealed the name of the city in which the church was located, White Settlement. How long now will it be before the far left is demanding the city change its name?



“The smallest minority on earth is the individual. Those who deny individual rights cannot claim to be defenders of minorities.”

Ayn Rand

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